Aromaterapia como prática integrativa: a popularização do uso de óleos essenciais na promoção de saúde

Autores

  • Renato Silveira dos Reis Farmácia Bio Fórmula

Palavras-chave:

Aromaterapia. Óleos essenciais. Promoção de saúde.

Resumo

A utilização de óleos essenciais extraídos de plantas aromáticas para equilibrar, harmonizar e promover a saúde do corpo, mente e espírito é conhecida como aromaterapia, ou terapia com óleos essenciais. O principal objetivo deste estudo é conhecer o processo de popularização da utilização de óleos essenciais como prática integrativa de promoção da saúde. Foram selecionados para este estudo 96 clientes de uma farmácia de manipulação atendidos durante os anos de 2019 e 2020. Os participantes do estudo responderam a um questionário onde foram arguidos sobre estilo e qualidade de vida, como conheceram a aromaterapia e como essa terapia impactou sua saúde. Dentre os participantes que reportaram melhora clínica, a maioria observou diminuição de sintomas já no primeiro mês de uso contínuo de óleos essenciais. O efeito emocional, com melhora nos níveis de ansiedade e depressão, foi o mais citado. A maioria dos participantes deste estudo recomenda o uso da aromaterapia por ser a mesma uma terapia economicamente viável e de fácil acesso. A terapia com óleos essenciais, atrelada à conscientização sobre a importância de uma alimentação saudável, da prática regular de atividade física e de sono reparador, melhora a qualidade de vida do indivíduo e consequentemente impacta de maneira positiva sua saúde. No Brasil, apesar da inclusão da aromaterapia no Sistema Único de Saúde desde 2006, percebe-se pouca aceitação dessa ferramenta terapêutica pelos profissionais de saúde, entretanto, novos estudos são necessários para que a aromaterapia tenha reconhecida sua importância para a manutenção da saúde e prevenção das mais variadas doenças.

Palavras-chave: aromaterapia; óleos essenciais; promoção de saúde.

Abstract

The use of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants to balance, harmonize and promote the health of the body, mind and spirit is known as aromatherapy, or essential oil therapy. The main objective of this study is to understand the process of popularizing the use of essential oils as an integrative health promotion practice. 96 customers of a compounding pharmacy were selected for this study during the years 2019 and 2020. The study participants answered a questionnaire that asked about style and quality of life, how they got to know aromatherapy, and how this therapy impacted their health. Most participants who reported clinical improvement observed a decrease in symptoms in the first month of continuous use of essential oils. The most cited effect was emotional, with improvements in levels of anxiety and depression. Most participants in this study recommend the use of aromatherapy because it is an economically viable and easily accessible therapy. Therapy with essential oils, linked to awareness of the importance of healthy eating, regular physical activity and restful sleep, improves the individual's quality of life and consequently positively impacts their health. In Brazil, despite the inclusion of aromatherapy in the Unified Health System since 2006, this therapeutic tool is not accepted by most health professionals. New studies are required to recognize the importance of aromatherapy in maintaining health and preventing many types of diseases.

Keywords: aromatherapy; essential oils; health promotion.

Resumen

La utilización de aceites esenciales extraídos de plantas aromáticas para equilibrar, harmonizar y promover la salud del cuerpo, mente y espíritu se conoce por aromaterapia, o terapia con aceites esenciales. El principal objetivo de este estudio es conocer el proceso de popularización de la utilización de aceites esenciales como práctica integrativa de promoción de la salud. Fueron seleccionados para este estudio 96 clientes de una farmacia de manipulación atendidos durante los años 2019 y 2020. Los participantes del estudio respondieron a un cuestionario em el que se preguntó sobre estilo y calidad de vida, como conocieran la aromaterapia y cómo esa terapia influyó en su salud. Entre los participantes que reportaron mejora clínica, la mayoría observó disminución de síntomas ya en el primer mes de uso continuo de aceites esenciales. El efecto emocional, con mejora en los niveles de ansiedad y depresión, fue el más citado. La mayoría de los participantes de este estudio recomienda el uso de la aromaterapia por ser una terapia económicamente viable y de fácil acceso. La terapia con aceites esenciales, vinculada a la concientización sobre la importancia de una alimentación sana, de la práctica regular de actividad física y del sueño reparador, eleva la calidad de vida del individuo y consecuentemente repercute de manera positiva en su salud. En Brasil, a pesar de la inclusión de la aromaterapia en el Sistema Único de Salud desde 2006, se nota poca aceptación de esa herramienta terapéutica por los profesionales de salud, sin embargo, se necesitan nuevos estudios para que la aromaterapia tenga reconocida su importancia para el mantenimiento de la salud y prevención de las más variadas enfermedades.

Palabras clave: aromaterapia; aceites esenciales; promoción de la salud.

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Publicado

2023-12-04

Como Citar

SILVEIRA DOS REIS, R. Aromaterapia como prática integrativa: a popularização do uso de óleos essenciais na promoção de saúde. Revista Brasileira de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde, [S. l.], v. 3, n. 5, p. 58–76, 2023. Disponível em: https://www.revistasuninter.com/revistasaude/index.php/revista-praticas-interativas/article/view/1349. Acesso em: 28 fev. 2024.

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